Calf muscle strain

Posted by Helen Potter on 31 August 2017 | Filed under In Touch Physiotherapy, Pain

Calf muscle strain injuries in sport: a systematic review of risk factors for injury.

Calf muscle strain injuries in sport: a systematic review of risk factors for injury.The objectives of this study:

  • to identify risk factors for calf strain injury, to direct future research into calf muscle injuries.
  • to direct future research into calf muscle injuries.

Ten studies were obtained for review. Subjects across football, Australian football, rugby union, basketball and triathlon were reported on, representing 5397 athletes and 518 calf/ lower leg muscle injuries.

Best evidence synthesis highlights chronological age and previous history of calf strain are the strongest risk factors for future calf muscle injury. Previous lower limb injuries (hamstring, quadriceps, adductor, knee) show some limited evidence for an association. Numerous factors lack evidence of an association, including height, weight, gender and side dominance.

Increasing age and previous calf strain injury are the most predictive of future calf injury. 

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