Knee Injuries

There are two main types of knee injuries:

Acute injuries: which result from sudden trauma, such as an awkward fall, collision or twist of the knee joint.

Overuse injuries: which result from continuous activity or overload, such as running, jumping and cycling. These types of injuries start gradually and usually relate to a range of factors such as structural or biomechanical problems, training methods, incorrect footwear, incorrect techniques in the workplace and incorrect exercise style.


  • wearing the right footwear for the job protects you from stress-related injury to the ankles, knees, hips and spine
  • avoid activities on slippery or uneven surfaces and in areas with poor lighting
  • remove all potential trip hazards before conducting activity in that area
  • make sure you warm up before and cool down after exercise with gentle stretches
  • build up your exercise program by gradually increasing the frequency, duration and intensity, but don’t work through pain (see your physio if you are experiencing pain)
  • maintain good general fitness and lower body strength and flexibility (especially quadriceps muscles)
  • practise standing on one leg to improve your balance and leg muscle strength

From APA 2017

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